Lighting fixtures come in all shapes and sizes, styles and colours, and different options boast distinct functional and aesthetical purposes. Each fixture has the potential to shape the atmosphere of a room and elevate an environment’s visual appeal if it has been thoughtfully considered with a space’s overall look and feel. It is important to know the basics of lighting design and what fixtures are available to you before you go out in search of a new light, so we have outlined 8 iconic types of light fixtures to help you make an informed decision.
Pendant lights hang from the ceiling on a cable, cord, pipe, or unique material. A shade rests over a light bulb at the end of the cable and generally allows the light to flow downward. While this ‘downlight’ is typical of a pendant fixture, certain bespoke pendant designs that incorporate organic shade solutions may provide a greater spread of light. Providing ample ambient and task lighting, pendants are best placed over the centre of a table or kitchen island.
2. Ceiling Mounts
Like pendants, ceiling-mounted fixtures are placed on the roof to provide a decent source of ambient light. There are an extensive array of ceiling mount designs that usually include a glass, fabric, or plastic shade around a light bulb to distribute an even spread of light within a particular area. While this means that they are not ideal for task lighting, ceiling mounts can create an atmosphere through warm light dispersion.
Chandeliers are statement light fixtures that are commonly placed within the centre of a room. They provide a design focal point and draw a visitor’s eyes up to the ceiling, allowing the room to feel larger than it is. Hung from the ceiling via a cable or cord, these extravagant pendant-like fixtures are beautifully crafted to cast stunning shadows across a room’s ceiling.
Wall sconces are one of the most decorative light fixtures on the market as they are placed directly onto the wall at eye level, serving both a functional and aesthetical purpose. Luxuriously designed bespoke sconces create a dramatic back-light and focal point within the rooms that they are featured in.
Most commonly placed in hallways or kitchens as they are not the most prominent light fixtures on the market, lanterns guide visitors from room to room or around a space as they create small pools of ambient light. Lanterns can also be placed over wide islands to provide task lighting over each area of seating.
Also known as track lighting, spotlights are fixtures that are attached to a track that is then mounted to the ceiling or draped as a hanging feature. The linear track contains multiple light bulbs that may be adjusted and swung into different positions to provide directed light to a specific focal point. The ability to direct the flow of light makes spotlights ideal for places that need particular points of task lighting. That said, spotlights are also fantastic accent light fixtures that can be used to highlight a piece of art or sculpture within a space. This is because of their ability to guide a visitor’s eye around the room to points of interest.
7. Recessed Lighting
Recessed light fixtures are installed within a ceiling so that none of the wiring or electrical components is visible to a visitors eye. A flush bulb or lens is generally used to conceal the fixture, allowing them to almost disappear into the background. Instead of becoming a design feature or focal point, recessed lighting serves a functional purpose. Their versatility means that they can be used as ambient, accent, or task lighting depending on the number, type, and placement of lights used.
8. Cove Lighting
Similar to recessed lighting, cove lighting is concealed within a wall or ceiling. The purpose of cove lighting is to provide light in an upward direction onto the ceiling. This creates the illusion of space as walls appear taller as the light reflects off the edges of the room. LEDs are typically used to diffuse ambient lighting from behind a cove created along the upper face of the wall.
From pendants to spotlights, recessed lighting, and cove lighting, the fixtures that you choose will have an impact on your rooms’ aesthetic and atmosphere. With a better understanding of the options available to you, you can make attentive interior design decisions when it comes to your spaces’ lighting.